Project Description

Conservative dentistry focuses on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases affecting the hard tissues of the teeth, such as cavities, fractures, or wear, with the goal of preserving their structure. At Polizzi Luongo Studio, we combine advanced technologies, innovative materials, and refined techniques to restore damaged teeth, ensuring both functionality and a natural appearance.

What are conservative treatments?

Conservative treatments aim to restore the integrity, functionality, and aesthetics of compromised teeth. They are divided into:

Direct restorations, such as fillings, performed directly in the mouth by the dentist in a single visit. The restorative material, usually a composite resin, is applied to the prepared tooth (where the decayed or damaged tissue has been removed) and shaped to restore the original form. This type of restoration is particularly suitable for small to medium-sized cavities and for teeth that do not have to bear excessive masticatory loads.

Indirect restorations, fabricated in a laboratory and then cemented into the tooth. These include inlays, onlays, crowns, and veneers. Indirect restorations are indicated for large cavities or for the repair of significantly damaged teeth.

Both types of restorations must be associated with endodontic therapy (root canal treatment) when the lesions have affected the internal parts (pulp) of the tooth. This approach is necessary because, when damage caused by cavities or trauma reaches the dental pulp, it creates an environment susceptible to infections and inflammations that can cause pain and further dental health issues.


Dental caries is a condition that affects the tooth, initially causing the destruction of the enamel. If left untreated, the process can extend to involve deeper layers of the tooth, potentially affecting the nerve tissue, the pulp.
The process that promotes the development of caries is the activity of bacteria derived from food residues. If not removed, these bacteria begin to produce acids, which are the cause of the progressive destruction of dental tissues.

To prevent the development of carious lesions, it is essential to:

  • Have regular dental check-ups with clinical and radiographic examinations, which often allow for the early detection of initial signs of caries.
  • Learn about the correct home care devices for maintaining optimal oral hygiene.
  • Schedule professional oral hygiene appointments at specific intervals.
  • Avoid excessive consumption of sugary foods and drinks.


The appearance of tooth pain can be associated with the presence of caries or a gum problem. It can be a constant pain or it can be triggered by the intake of cold and/or hot substances. In any case, it is recommended to schedule a dental visit as soon as possible for a proper diagnosis.

A dental filling is a treatment used to restore the function, integrity, and morphology of missing tooth structure resulting from caries or external trauma. The procedure involves removing the decayed or damaged portion of the tooth, cleaning the affected area, and then filling it with a restorative material. Common materials used for fillings include composite resins, amalgam, gold, and ceramics. The filling helps to prevent further decay by closing off spaces where bacteria can enter and also restores the tooth’s normal function and shape.

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